Friday

[travel] Quebec City - La Citadelle

One thing I was really excited about Quebec was the history.

The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River approximate to Quebec City and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only remaining fortified city walls that still exist in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. (source Wikipedia)

We walked through the ramparts to Old Town:

Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


We walked up to La Citadelle de Quebec:

Tour of La Citadel


We bought tickets for a guided tour. You're not allowed to walk around unescorted since the fort is still an active military base. We actually saw some training exercises take place while the group was walking around.

Some basic history was covered- French arriving for trade and business, British arriving to expand their empire, Canada becoming it's own Province. I like that one of Canada's national symbols is a beaver- to signify the early pelt/fur and lumber trade that made the land so desirable, as well as their hardworking nature. The beaver is on Canada's nickle and various national emblems.

We walked around, visited buildings and on-site museums, seeing old buildings and cannons.

Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


The museum had some pretty crazy 3-D dioramas depicting relevant historical events. Battle of Quebec (1690):

Tour of La Citadel

Frontenac famously rebuffs the English envoys. "I have no reply to make to your general other than from the mouth of my cannons and muskets." Oh snap!


Battle of Carillon:

Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


Battle of Sainte-Foy:

Tour of La Citadel


Lots of stuff on the 78th Fraser Highlanders, which are Dollar's ancestors.

Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel

A future knitting project, perhaps?


An example of a soldier in the 22nd Royal Regiment and the goat Batisse...

The Royal 22e Régiment is an infantry regiment and the most famous francophone organization of the Canadian Forces. The regiment comprises three Regular Force battalions, two Primary Reserve battalions, and a band, making it the largest regiment in the Canadian Army. (source Wikipedia)

Tour of La Citadel


The first goat was given to the Regiment by the Queen, I think. There has always been a goat since and it's name is always Batisse. I think they are currently using Batisse X. The goat is always from the original lineage that the Queen gave. It is like a mascot but the guide stressed that it is NOT a mascot, which kind of plays down the goat's meaning and importance. Since this type of goat is fiercely loyal and will defend it's family and land to the death, they think of the goat more as a representation of their heart and mindset.

We went back outside to look out over the water and Old Town:

Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


Tour of La Citadel


As we were leaving, we saw...

Tour of La Citadel


A beaver! It's the animal of Canada! A beaver!

Tour of La Citadel


No. I think that's just a woodchuck. Oh well.

3 comments:

Shelby said...

What a beautiful city. Now I want to go and see it. Also, I love the goat.

On the last two pictures, I was totally like "waaaaaaaait a minute...that's not a BEAVER!" ;)

maxpep said...

Hahaha!! That's Groundhog! We have those everywhere ther're a field...
I'm from Québec :P

maxpep said...

I forgot : In french those are "marmottes" but we call them "siffleux" :P